Early Intervention

Early intervention decreases risk factors while increasing protective variables in a child’s life. Many variables can jeopardise a child’s development, restrict the child’s future economic and social possibilities, and raise the probability of mental and physical health issues, criminal participation, substance abuse, or exploitation and abuse later in life. These influences occur at several levels in the child’s environment, such as individual, family, community, and society, and they interact in complex ways. 

Early Intervention

What Is Early Intervention?

Early intervention refers to a system of services that help children who have developmental delays or disabilities. It particularly focuses on helping the children learn the basic and brand-new skills that develop during their growth, including reaching, rolling, crawling, walking, thinking, solving problems, talking, listening, understanding, playing, feeling secure and happy, eating, and dressing, among others.

Early intervention is required for a variety of services, including assistive technology, audiology or hearing services, speech pathology and language services, family counseling and training, medical services, nursing services, nutrition services, occupational therapy, physical therapy, and psychological services. The services offered may also address the child’s family’s needs and priorities.

Effective early intervention works to prevent problems from occurring or, when they do occur, to address them head on before they deteriorate. It also contributes to the development of a wide range of personal traits and talents that prepare a child for adulthood, and has its strongest impact when offered during the first few years of life. 

What Causes Swallowing And Feeding Disorders In Children?

Swallowing and feeding difficulties in children can be caused by muscular weakness in the face and neck, sensory abnormalities, reflux, being born prematurely, having a cleft lip or palate, and developmental impairments.

A swallowing disorder is a difficulty with any of the phases of the swallowing process, specifically the oral, pharyngeal, or esophageal stages. The oral stage encompasses the child’s capacity to suck, bite, chew, and transport foods effectively from one side of the cheek to the other for successful chewing, as well as move food into the throat to trigger the swallow. The pharyngeal stage is the time when the swallow begins and the food or drink is transported down the throat. During this procedure, the neck shuts instinctively across the windpipe to prevent food or water from entering the windpipe. By pressing the food down in a wavelike rhythm, the esophageal stage forces the food or liquid down towards the stomach. 

How We Can Help

Our early intervention program begins with an examination to determine the risk factors to which a child is prone as well as the potential protective factors. Following the evaluation, an intervention program that addresses the child or family on a targeted selective or targeted indicated basis is implemented.

The targeted selective interventions are offered to families on the basis of broad demographic risks, such as low income, single parenthood, adolescent parenthood, or ethnic minority status. Our experience with children growing up in these settings suggests that they may not encounter any unique issues. Interventions that choose families based on these risk factors, on the other hand, have the ability to avoid more significant issues that would damage the children from arising.

Targeted indicated interventions, on the other hand, are provided to families that have been identified as having a specific or diagnosed condition that need more intense assistance. Early intervention assists in such situations by assisting in the resolution of existing problems and minimising or reversing their long-term effects on a child’s development.

Depending on the issues discovered during the evaluation step, our early intervention might take several forms. It might take the shape of home visit programs to assist vulnerable youngsters, school-based programs to strengthen the child’s social and emotional abilities, mentorship programmes for young people who are at risk of being involved in crime, and so on.